O P Bhatnagar - A Poet of Political Awakening

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O P Bhatnagar is one of the maximum main voices of Indian English poetry whose collections Thought Poems (1976), Feeling Fossils (1977), Angels of Retreat (undated), The Audible Landscape, Oneric Visions, Shadows in Floodlight (1984) and Cooling Flames of Darkness (2001) bespeak of political consciousness of the poet. As it's miles clean cut truth that Indian English poetry can in no way stay away from the socio-political atmosphere of India and poets who do no longer write under a single method however as an alternative start a communicate between 'man and guy' so Bhatnagar too deals with some of issues of our society and politics. Dr. A.N. Dwivedi feedback:

"Bhatnagar's poetry comprehends a fantastic style of themes which at once awareness at the long ness of his experience and the solemnity of his involvement inside the affairs of lifestyles." (CIE217)

Bhatnagar's tackling of political subject is greater firm and large than every other Indian English poet for he has touched almost all of the elements of political state of affairs. Dr.V.K.Singh observes:
"We locate in Bhatnagar a frank analysis of the statistics of current existence. Bhatnagar descants upon myriad components of political life as current presently. No salient characteristic escapes his keenly discerning eye. Bhatnagar rips open the bosom of several political riddles. He mirrors before us what's what of all political issues." (152)

Themes like election, bribery, corruption, criminalization of politics, rampant bribery a few of the leaders degrading character of countrywide leaders, division of society by communalism, castism, linguism, and regionalism etc and the utter loss of values in politics are touched via the poet in a remarkably touchy and beautifully sarcastic manner which is still no longer being surpassed by means of any poet of Indian English Poetry. His declaration that 'Indian Poetry in English must be Indian' can't be neglected if we aspire to sell Indian Literature. Merely copying and dealing with the English and English Literature is inadequate because Indian sensibility isn't always struggling with the penury of mind, feelings and sensibility and because it has its basis vitality and voice of potentiality. Dr. R.C. Sharma is right while he says:

"The reason why Bhatnagar advocates making Indian Poetry in English is beset with conflicts and issues; and these conflicts and worries are essentially Indian. Bhatnagar is conscious of the milieu wherein the Indian poet in English lives as well as of the obligation which the Indian poet in English has to perform."(seventy nine)

O.P.Bhatnagar has treated a number of issues like social awareness, political cognizance, love, nature, philosophy and Indianness. According to Dr. A. N. Dwivedi:

Bhatnagar's poetry comprehends a top notch style of issues, which immediately consciousness on the largeness of his experienceand the solemnityof his involvement within the affairs of his life. (CIE,217)

In this way Bhatnagar is aware the tempo and temperature of his times and accordingly orchestrates his poetry. Bhatnagar's coping with the subject matter of politics is myriad and real. The various social problems that agitate the moral sense of guy are the topics of his poetry and he tries to throw a good deal of mild on all of them. S.C.Bose observes:

"The poetry of O.P.Bhatnagar which has indeed many dimensions is likewise massive as poetry of political cognizance." (V. V., 29)

The frank evaluation of the reality of modern-day life, and the picturesque delineation make his poetry vibrant and attractive. According to Bhatnagar:

"Most of the critical regions of the lifestyles nowadays are ruled by using the first-class of political lifestyles and atmosphere are developing and living. Politics these days has replaced our religious mode of existence. We are speedy turning into concerned with a sort of nationalism that may outline our role and duties inside the making of the destiny of our Nation in future." (RC, 'Introduction', 8)

According to Bhatnagar:

Indian poetry in English have to in general challenge to social and political life of the people of India and it, 'have to democratize its issues and relations to society and make it a supply of shared expectations...It should throw mild at the degeneration and corruption corroding identities. It ought to talk of the overall lose of moral values, the gloom and the frustrations pervading the National scene." (RC, 'Introduction'9)

Poetry for Bhatnagar is a consistent search and attempt to represent for a better socio-political existence .To him, it is 'a self aware craft fashioned and reshaped by means of constant practice-subtle and retouched by manner of the imaginative and prescient. Like existence itself, it's far the work of a gardener who after doing away with all weeds cultivates it to final growth and flowering. As such there is no influence of any particular faculty of concept on his poetry. It is absolutely his very own- a personal experiment inspired by way of surroundings, a while, instances and primarily with the aid of human catch 22 situation.

The first series of Bhatnagar Thought Poems (1976) has good buy of poems of political recognition. The poems rich in idea content lack in emotion like that of romantic poets however the first poem of the collection finds out the manner of poetic creation. Bhatnagar writes:

"Poetry's which means
Like a deity in enshrined
Words upon words, the edifice build." (T.P, five)

Bhatnagar throws sufficient mild at the query regarding God who can't be resolved out in going round the temple through the worshipper. God is a that means and deity enshrined in phrases of poem, the artist on my own can expound and are looking for Him out:

"We may match round and round the temple
Yet by no means be around God.
We may work round and rand an concept
Yet by no means be round a thought." (ibid. Five)

In considered one of his poems, he predicts the destiny as gloomy as the existing:

"The destiny looks faded
Like the blossoms of cacti after dawn
The saints from bars, brothels and night clubs
Tasting of casinos and underworld
Turn morals, values and virtues to ice-cream
Licked by means of amusing loving childness in cones." (T.P, 10)

In the poem 'The new Scale' Bhatnagar tries to strike stability between one guy's meat is any other man's poison. The poet finds the dictum worn out in the present day context 'a easy and honest man measures life in price spoons as he finds dishonesty to be the meanest way of existence'. The stark truth of lifestyles can be seen as:

"A easy, honest man
In a wiped out mode
May still himself find
Measuring lifestyles in price spoons
Bribery, corruption and forgery

For him, a sour poison be." (T.P., 12)

Bhatnagar wishes to opine that the one's who amass wealth are the little difficulty with the interest with their fellow beings, nor do they sense any immorality in appearing pretty contrary to the code of behavior. In some other poem 'A Woe of Wonder', Bhatnagar expresses our sentiments and helpless mindset. The poet regrets the variety, disintegration that our united states possesses these days. The emphasis of the poet is not anything however Nationality, one sentiment and one attitude. This idea is penned by using the poet as:

"Our is a multiheaded usa
Looking in no precise route
Trimurti is an all inclusive vision
From here to eternity risen
Telling the story of our frivolity." (T.P., 14)

Similarly inside the poem 'The Bonds of Country Care' the poet feedback at the loyalty and patriotism of these Indians who have been collecting vanity, wealth and vanity through their services to the countries to which they have got immigrated. These so known as dependable residents and tireless patriots visit India for their own cause:

"Loyal citizens happy with patriots
Never forget the care in their country
And fly again domestic occasionally
Either to pick a bride like a prince
Or purchase of ones u . S . A jewel of a land
Placing their state in a safety of bands
Sealed with the unswerving guarantee with a wink
That although they don't belong to this united states of america
It certain belongs to their empire." (T. P., 15)

The second series Feeling Fossils has also a few poems of political hobby. Bhatnagar notwithstanding treating the politics in an oblique way infrequently fails to pin point very uncommon phenomena that someway remain hidden from the attention of even the ones who have specialized in the game of politics. 'Crossing The Bar' is sensible poem that lashes on the present day politicians. His touch upon the current politicians is really worth quoting:

"Morals as dense
As thick forests
Let no light in;
The game is weird
Hunting loyalties
For romance." (F.F, sixteen)

Another extraordinary poem 'The No Man's Land' expresses the concept that freedom has added no racial change inside the life of the those who are nonetheless dwelling the dark dungeon of poverty, illiteracy and justice. The motion of liberation become raised via the loads however handiest few privileged guys came forward to govern. And while the efforts and sacrifices of the hundreds resulted fulfillment the ones privileged few captured thrown of the united states and continued ruling over the country below the apparel of democracy. So the poet feels proper:

"Before the British came
The land changed into not ours:
After they left,
It became now not ours too
The land belongs
To folks that rule;
The others merely inherit
The no man's land." (F.F., 19)

The 0.33 series Angles of Retreat has numerous idea provoking poems in which the poet explores the meaning of time as is evaluated from the occasions rising from the cave of materialism wedded to hypocrisy. The tone of the poet in this collection is satiric and ironical. In the poem 'History is A Sorry pass spherical' the poet needs to propound that the historians regularly ignore the importance of the people at massive and that they generally tend to magnify the deeds of some privileged guys. The political sycophants have no different way of reaching the pages of History. The historians suppose that their hard work in recording titles and tortures serve the motive of National harmony and safety and they're helped by political sycophants:

"Political sycophants are their aides
On whose beguiling predictions
They fireplace eat and perform
The Japanese fireplace-walk suggests
To dazzle the already dazed." (A.R, forty)

However political leaders and sycophants forget about that the tyrants and blood suckers must face a fall:

"Too lots suppression and lots politicking
Ferments its very own defeat
Forcing the masses to forge
In the smithy in their judgment of right and wrong
The invisible guns of their sense of right and wrong
The invisible guns of their fall
Crowning shame at the foreheads of tyrants
And nailing sour truths
On the crossroads instances." (A.R.Forty one)

'Beggars can Be Choosers' is a awesome poem in which the poet extends his sympathy for the negative, homeless deceased and propounds that begging isn't an evil as those which can be harbored through shallow careerists, dare satan smugglers and dishonest blackmarketeers. The beggars are far from the ailment of hysteria, alienation and lack of identification and the poet concludes:

"All my humanitarian method
Seemed a snarl to me
And my reformist fervor a celluloid zeal
Little understanding that beggars additionally can be choosers
And little less apprehending
The manner we are able to misread one another
To keep our irrational forms going
That in infinite deceit
End the shapes of our destiny." (A.R, forty three)

Similarly, in any other poem 'Thoughts on A Election Day' is every other poem of political focus in which the poet ridicules and paints a totally vivid and realistic photo of ignorant citizens and literate officers as follows:

"The ignorant voters in their recurring
Queue up day-dreaming
And in a ardour of a 2nd
Get rid in their oscitant indecision
Stamping symbols for men.
With a handful of literates
Sealing illiterate favours in metal boxes
And recording the proud percent of poll
A quite reigns over the polling booths
Like mourners retired from their obsequies." (A.R., 46)

The desire for new political miracles after such democratic phenomena in each 5 12 months is finely portrayed by using the poet who desires to mention that Democracy is not anything but the ugly face oppression and injustice.

The fourth collection of verse Oneric Visions circuitously muses over the themes of politics wherein several fragments related to political focus are scattered in the volume. For instance in the poem 'If One Starts Asking Questions like Hamlet' the poet gives a reference to politics:

"The enthusiast erect marbles statues
Of their transient heroes
On the evanescent direction of times-
Some whispering revolution
Others proclaiming peace-
Leaving the common man
To elbow sun with sun-sunglasses." (O.V. 25)

In 'Who is Afraid of Fear' the poet's idea about the value of evils that inform about the character of politics is expressed with the aid of the poet:

"Up upward push the ghost of smugglers
Hoarders, hooligans and holy-idlers
In a saucy denial of their treason
And evoke the deformed apparitions
Of the guys who wished to rule
Or the person who simply could not be men
And like a Shikhandi shielded
The shadow of sin

Branding solar whinge of gout
Bent with an ageing dream
Wiping morals like beauty
Scrapped with the aid of actors with cold cream." (O.V., 35)

The Gandhian idea of non-violence is very nicely expressed in the poem 'Non-Niolence and Violence'. Like Gandhi, Bhatnagar feels that even non-violence has its limits:

"If one strikes you as soon as
I invite him to do it once more:
If one takes off your blouse
Offer him to put off some thing stays." (O.V., 35)

But it isn't always practically non-violence but a dearth of know-how as an alternative the poet shows:

"With beliefs folded like umbrella
One might also preserve them for a rainy day
And indulge in violence for a laugh
But the wrinkled dialectic of violence
Is a bit too monotonous
Putting the ikebana of horror
Unrelieved and unpossessed
Of any feel of humour
Worth the at the same time as." (O.V., 43)

The series Shadows in Floodlight has numerous poems of intensity and remark in which the poet turns into philosophical in addition to analytical. In the poem 'Of Poverty, Revolutions and Dreams' the poet upholds rightly:

We cannot value poetry than its contents
Like vice more than its purity
And frustrations behave a wfore:
For poetry in itself is a revolution
Undreamt of in dreamt undreams." (S.F., 17)

But in some other poem 'The Living Scene' the poet gives the photograph of present day India pronouncing:

"The living scene in my u . S . A .
Is well worth best for the granite eyes
Insensitive and resilient
For our visions to unfold." (SF,20)

And he adds:

"it is a scene where utopia and epic
Are merging into a palpable chaos
Adventure overrunning freedom
Gangsterism whipping justice,
Politics preserving dignity captive
Inaction to avoid concept." (ibid)

The sixth collection The Audible Landscape has sufficient poems associated with political recognition wherein the poet vocalizes and reflects the existing scenario of the Nation and its people. For example, the primary poem displays the slavish mentality of the people who are equipped to suffer with out creating a sigh. The Nation has come to be coward and the malady is past all remedy. The poet says:

"The self enslaving slaves are ruled
By satisfied ghosts." (AL, 9)

And he provides:

"When slavery is cherished as a rhetoric to live on
Rendering both Cervants and Dostoyevsky futile
Conceits of cowards need no therapist
Nor freedom a Marx or a Gandhi to revive."(p.9)
He mirrors our predicament pronouncing:
"A prisoner is more unfastened than those
Who don't have any freedom even to dream." (ibid)

Almost the same tone is sustained within the subsequent poem 'The Walls of Prison residence Remain'. Bhatnagar writes:

"We've broken the chains of slavery
The partitions of prisonhouse stay." (AL, 10)

The following extract from the poem mirrors the plight of the Indians:

"Our depression isn't always due to the fact
There is less revolution
But little exchange."(ibid)
Or:
"Even now we search for leaders to follow
God to send us his grace:
We're frightened of speaking the fact
And resisting something is unjust
Foul and corrupt in our bones."(ibid)
What a amusing it has that we've taken terms for truth forgetting all resistance and protest. Bhatnagar says:
"Long caged in slavery
We've grow to be like circus lions
Incapable of freedom in emotions
Became our own prisonwalls." (.A.L. P.Eleven)

The 0.33 poem in the quantity 'Can Facts Be Destroyed By Ideas, highlights the reality which can't be destroyed by ideas the so referred to as cat politics cannot play the sport of cover and seek for a long time. The poet writes:

"Yesterday they had been the dreams of day after today
Today they're the reminiscences of beyond-
Villages to replace heaven:

The unsheltered resting in villas:
Morals to be as company as mountains:
With he hungry feeding on the Taj-
All that is records now of politics
That increase u . S . A . With poverty such lengthy." (AL, 12)

The poet concludes announcing:

"Even poets at the moment are weary of goals
Readt like Caligula to depart
Let conflict revive to make up for the loss
In artwork flip fabric adversarial to artwork."(ibid)

In this series there are range of poems like 'Still Questions', 'The New Morality', 'The Second Coming', 'On Seeing Rashtrapati Bhavan', 'Displacement More Spacious', 'That Space' and 'The Second Conversion' in which the poet points out the foils and foibles of our man or woman and provides the photograph of the suffering humanity and reveling a bare of modern lifestyles Bhatnagar attempts to reform the prevailing situation and motivates us to combat against injustice and humiliation.
The remaining series Cooling Flames of Darkness (2001) has additionally a number of poems of political interest wherein the poem 'The Janus Faced Politician' is splendid. The poet starts offevolved pronouncing:

"Who says it takes yellow sweat and suffering
To turn out to be a frontrunner these fruitful days!
It's now faience with all imperfections
To allure the innocent unequals
With extra charming handicaps
Way laying day-desires through faldage
With misleading drawings of fain hopes.( CFD, 17)

The farcical face of Indian politics and the imposters referred to as politicians are sketched with the aid of the poet so nicely. Bhatnagar urges us:

"So, watch a hardcore bandit
A seasoned-green kidnapper
A smart murderer: a excessive-fi smuggler
A high shifting scamster
Talk glib on television
Or dictate his undercover turns
To the twice beleaguered humans
Voting him to energy with little desire
Democracy forcing its manner to a farce. (CFD, 18)

The poem 'Ravaged Children of The Civilized Times' suggests nearly all of the outer conflicts inside the international wherein the human beings of the modern-day times are more indulged in cancerous violence, sins and crimes alternatively being 'in the line of the quality promoting fiction:/ media blow-up on sight on net'. Politicians are like Cassius and Shakuni who're solving remote designs of private power-park and are 'perambulating their nebulous goals.' According to him, politicians will never let the arena exchange in its in advance glory. He says:

"We're ravaged of civilized times-
Our limping spirits have their very own vexed reality:

Philosophers, physiologists or politicians apart
All fires give up- find their glory in ashes:
And waters emptying themselves out
Through all the mountain gashes. And
Howsoever an awful lot innocence may additionally stand the check
By hearth and water:
Violence will never misplaced its radiance
The woes of innocence their bloodless surrender.
May be the go back to the tenderness of heart
Lies thru bestiality, faxed everywhere in the international
The text in its authenticity unchanged." (CFD,14)

Likewise, in 'The Primitives of The Age', the poet imagines the more ghasty mishappenings and the overgrowth of the ghost of grimy politics:

"Come one, come all
Come hyenas or wolves
The inlaid roots will certainly pressure
Their trampled strength to fresh shoots
And live on the grizzly undergrowth
In a new grace of their old salons
Tesing the civilized in their

Much biting tooth." (CFD,16)

In 'Looking At My Solitude' the poet tries to unburden himself from the agonies of time however reveals solace nowhere and says:

"For the pain of it
Philosophy, song or poetry
May handiest half of-convince the nice flavor
To have fun with the flavor of solitude
In correct taste and trust:
For, the sour at first-rate can flip
Only less bitten not sweeter nonetheless." (CFD, 36)

Thus, from the above narration it's miles revealed that Bhatnagar's poetry is unfastened from all the actions of Rightist or Leftist nor it has any relation with any specific college of notion or ideology as a substitute to an outline of reality crystal-honestly and narration of reality in pictorial and vividly. The Religion of Bhatnagar's poetry is love and peace. His poetic creed is largely human and sort. He appears to be a real advise of simplicity whilst he says:

"Poetry at its nice is a clean and a simplified version of the complex and the confused for there may be nothing greater transcidental past the innovative simplicity of poetry. Poetry wins not via its snobbishness however through its simplicity. Simple poetry is the poetry of togetherness. If greater Indian humans are to examine poetry in English then it should get commonplace and reachable and associated with the living human worries of the instances than mere to phrases, animals, damsels and sex." (FD, 122)

Therefore, we will say that Bhatnagar has treated the politics as metaphor in his poetry and his poetry has mounted itself because the clarion name of awakening inside the present milieu of political darkness.

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