3 Common Respiratory Tract Infections During Winter and How To Prevent Them

by - 10:45:00 AM

Winter season is a time that is characterised with various signs and symptoms of diseases. From Psoriasis that causes excessive itching as a result of dry skin and lack of humidity in the atmosphere, to increased risk of joint pain in cold winter season. All these increases your risk of falling sick. Both the most common health issues that flare up during winter is respiratory tract infections. Below are some common respiratory tract infections you are at risk of acquiring during winter, and their possible prevention tips.

3 Common Respiratory Tract Infections During Winter and How To Prevent Them

3 Common Respiratory Tract Infections During Winter

1. Asthma

Asthma is a lung disease which is characterised by narrowing and inflammation of the airways. Its common symptoms include; sneezing, coughing, and chest tightening.  There are types of asthma:

The first one is allergic asthma that arises due to exposure to an allergen, such as dust, smoke, pollen, paint dust etc. The second is non-allergic asthma, which is caused by cold, flu, stress or extreme weather condition. So, you should be careful of the various triggers of asthma during winter.

Must read: 10 Common causes of allergies in humans

2. Sore throat

The most common symptoms of sore throat includes are; painful, scratchy or dryness in the throat. It mostly arise as a result of infections and cold weather circumstances that is characterised during winter season.

3. Flu

Flu, also known as influenza, is caused by contagious respiratory viruses. The virus infects the lungs and cause symptoms which varies from mild to severe, which at times can lead to hospitalisation and death. Mostly, young children or older people with weak immune systems are often vulnerable to flu.

Also read: asthma

Prevention Tips For Respiratory Tract Infections

Here some tips you can follow to prevent respiratory tract infections during winter
  • Always wash your hand thoroughly with soap and water before handling any food
  • Cover your mouth and nose when outside to avoid dust
  • Drink plenty of water. The best prevention tips in this aspect is to drink warm or hot water.
  • Eat healthy diet which includes fresh nuts and vegetables. This keeps the immune system strong.
  • Engage in regular exercise such as yoga and swimming, because it is beneficial on the long run.
  • Avoid the use of antibiotics and self-medication
  • Vaccination is recommended for the elderly, children and people with chronic diseases such as asthma and diabetes.
  • If you are experiencing any of the symptoms I listed earlier and it fail to subside in three days, do consult your doctor immediately.

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